Month: September 2018

Casting out Demons

A sermon for the 19th Sunday after Pentecost, September 30, 2018

Calvary Episcopal Church, Flemington, New Jersey

We saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he was not following us.

Today’s gospel lesson is a continuation of last week’s gospel. And it’s not just the next scene—it’s part of the same message. Last week we heard about how the disciples were arguing about who among them was the greatest. Jesus teaches them that being the greatest doesn’t matter at all, and he shows them a powerless and neglected child who is the real example of how to welcome God. It’s not about winning, it’s about serving and welcoming.

I can sort of hear the disciples trying to defend themselves: “But Jesus, there was this guy …  he was casting out demons. We told him to stop, because … because he wasn’t with us!”  Basically, Jesus says, “No.” Not only is it NOT the most powerful and prestigious person who is first in the Kingdom of God, but that Kingdom is not brought by some winning team. There was this man they didn’t know who was casting out demons. I have said at other times that I believe that there are indeed demonic forces abroad in this world—those forces of hurt and hate that nobody will take responsibility for. Everyone looks the other way and shakes their head and says, “That’s awful.”  But no one sees themselves in those awful things that happen, even though the suffering is human suffering caused by human society.  Casting out demons is essential work in healing this world. It is not easy work.

So this man in the Gospel reading was unknown to the disciples, a stranger, and they didn’t trust him—how could he be casting out demons in the name of Jesus? The disciples knew how special Jesus was, and they felt pretty special being his followers. John, one of the inner circle, says that he took it upon himself to put this guy in his place, after all, it was Peter and Andrew and James and John who were called by Jesus, not this exorcist.  John looked to his special relationship with Jesus and saw it as a reason to forbid the man from healing.

We live in a world much in need of healing. If God is to heal the conflict in our country and our world, it will take far more than our intelligence, or teaching, or effort or opinions. Salvation of this world will come from more than one team, or one set of interpretations. Prayer is powerful, it changes things and it heals.  But it is not just the prayers of one person that God uses, but of all of creation.

Let’s go back and remember the part of this reading that we heard last week—it’s right before this week’s reading in the Gospel of Mark: “Jesus sat down, called the twelve, and said to them, ‘Whoever wants to be first must be last of all and servant of all.’ Then he took a little child and put it among them; and taking it in his arms, he said to them, ‘Whoever welcomes one such child in my name welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes not me but the one who sent me.’” It is the care and healing of those who are powerless, neglected and ignored that Jesus cares about. He’s still holding the child when he says to the disciples, “If any of you put a stumbling block before one of these little ones who believe in me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were hung around your neck and you were thrown into the sea.” Gentle Jesus, talking to his friends and followers; not the Pharisees or his rivals. Being a Christian is not about being on the winning team, it is about being humble enough to serve. But when I say humble, I don’t mean looking down at your shoes and doing whatever those that are more confident, powerful or privileged say. Christian humility is having the confidence to stand for the gospel of service, of honest generosity in welcoming Him who came for us and gave his life for us on the cross.

There was a hearing in the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday. The woman who testified, spoke clearly and courageously. She answered all questions forthrightly, even when her answers didn’t conveniently make her look to be the hero or to have all the information perfectly worked out and under her control. She described, and was questioned in great detail about the most traumatic event in her life. She was courageous and truthful. After her testimony, no one said that she was not credible or was not telling the truth. She opened her testimony by saying that she was terrified. She was terrified because she knew what would happen to a woman who spoke up about being sexually abused by a powerful and privileged man. She knew about the demons that would be unleashed … and they were. Christine Blasey Ford spoke up for the sake of casting out demons and the healing of herself and all of us. But those demons find a way to come out in full force—the rage, self-pity and turning blame back onto the victim or anyone who supported her are what she feared and what happened.  This sort of demon emerges when truth is told about a subject that power wants and expects to remain silent. I’ve experienced it in the church, and it’s not limited to any one political party. Indeed, it is not so much the individuals but the nexus of power itself—the demons if you will—that controls them. Sexual violence against women is an aspect of keeping some who are powerful empowered and disempowering those who are vulnerable. Dr. Ford was courageously vulnerable in her testimony, and by it many are freed and healed, the ranting of the demons notwithstanding. Casting out demons and being healed takes tremendous courage, and its cost is real. And like the disciples learned from Jesus, the power to cast out demons does not always come from the sources we expect, or those who support us.

We follow Christ. And Jesus is not interested in who is in control—he is interested in the healing of this world. “No one who does a deed of power in my name will be able soon afterward to speak evil of me. Whoever is not against us is for us. For truly I tell you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you bear the name of Christ will by no means lose the reward.”

Being Christian in the World We’re In — Calvary Flemington Forum

Session 3: The Christian Scriptures of the New Testament What these sessions are about We are having a series of brief discussion sessions at Calvary this Fall that are meant to explore being Christian both throughout history and in the times we’re now living. Anybody can come—it doesn’t matter what age you are, or whether […]

via Being Christian in the World We’re In — Calvary Flemington Forum

But they were Silent

A sermon for the 18th Sunday after Pentecost, September 23, 2018

Calvary Episcopal Church, Flemington, New Jersey

Jesus asked them, “What were you arguing about on the way?” But they were silent…

They were silent.

Not so much different from that silence that a parent hears when the young kids are in that other room playing, and instead of the sounds of playing, there is … quiet. You know that there is something going on, and it is probably not good. You know, we love these kids and they are actually cute when they first start doing this, but it is the first sign of the loss of innocence—they are quiet because they know that they are doing something they shouldn’t.

So these disciples were silent, and not in some deep, meditative, tranquil way. They had been arguing, and they weren’t even arguing about being allowed to pick up the check for the others. They were arguing over who was the greatest. It doesn’t say the greatest what. Was it the best accountant? The best leader? The one who could hold his breath underwater the longest? The one who was the most generous and Christlike? It doesn’t actually matter. The world rewards the best leader. The Roman Empire rewarded the best leader. A few years ago, Paula and I went to Rome and we walked around the ruins of the palace of the Roman emperors—it was huge by any standards, ancient or modern, bigger than the residences of any of the wealthy and powerful today.  None of these disciples ever saw that palace, but they knew about palaces and how the Great men who owned them received deference from everyone, and had all sorts of privilege. So that’s one kind of kingdom, and if we’re coming into the Kingdom of God, it might be different, but it’s a pretty good model, right? Especially if I get to be—not the king or the emperor—but maybe the Grand Duke or the Archbishop? I think that’s what they were arguing about. Who gets to be Jesus’ top assistant and maybe chief of staff, who gets the honor and the privilege in the Kingdom of God?

But when Jesus asked them what they were arguing about, they were silent. They knew, they could tell, that Jesus didn’t work that way.  “Whoever wants to be first must be last of all and servant of all.” Privilege and respect don’t even compute for Jesus. Be the servant, that’s what counts. There is nothing about following Jesus that involves achieving distinction, certainly not about power or privilege. It is about being who you are, not some status you aspire to.

The next step is Jesus bringing the child into the circle. I love little kids and so do a lot of us here. It’s a great joy to see them enjoy life, and learn, and develop and play. Kids are wonderful to have around. But I don’t think that’s what is going on in this particular passage. It is not the charm, or the affection, or even the promise of the little children that caused Jesus to bring this child into the circle of disciples. Everyone there knew that a child had no power or influence. The child did what it was told and its opinions didn’t count.  The disciples had been discussing who was the biggest and Jesus showed them someone entirely different. “Whoever welcomes one such child welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes not me, but God.” The privilege and the respect are for the powerless, those who are not respected. That argument—who’s the greatest, who’s the biggest, who’s the one who’s entitled to the most; that discussion and those whoevers are not even relevant to Jesus or the Kingdom of God. Who suffers? Who needs healing? Who has not been listened to? That is where the Kingdom is—that is whom Jesus welcomes.

One thing that I want to say here is one of those questions is really important, and we all over the Church just let it pass by, not just too often, but all the time: Who has not been listened to? The smart and the experienced think they can figure out everything, and so for years the Episcopal Church, and other churches, have been in decline.  We don’t actually listen to the opinions and the desires of our youth and our young adults. And it’s not so surprising that they drift away.  I am not going to oversimplify or solve these issues in one brief sermon, but we might be surprised by the Christianity that emerges from those who are younger, and are not interested in being the church like us.  I doubt that it will be what we think we already know. I doubt that the youth and young adults want to be pandered to, or that they want a Christianity that is easier or less challenging.

The challenge is Jesus. Jesus in the rest of this century, how do we listen to him?

Whoever welcomes one such as this, the last, the least, the most ignored, welcomes me, he says.  Welcoming God is welcoming those we want to ignore. That is the challenge for the church.

God guides us into a life of confident humility, and in thus welcoming God, we have the joy of the presence of Christ.

Happy are they who have not walked in the counsel of the wicked,

nor lingered in the way of sinners,

nor sat in the seats of the scornful!

Their delight is in the law of the Lord,

and they meditate on his law day and night.

They are like trees planted by streams of water,

bearing fruit in due season, with leaves that do not wither,

everything they do shall prosper.

Being Christian in the World we are in — Calvary Flemington Forum

Session 2: The origin of our Scriptures in Judaism We are having a series of brief discussion sessions at Calvary this Fall that are meant to explore being Christian both throughout history and in the times we’re now living. Anybody can come—it doesn’t matter what age you are, or whether you buy into any of […]

via Being Christian in the World we are in — Calvary Flemington Forum

Then he began to teach them

A sermon for the seventeenth Sunday after Pentecost, September 16, 2018

Calvary Episcopal Church, Flemington, New Jersey

Then he began to teach them…

Jesus is our teacher. It is from him that we learn the truth. But sometimes it’s hard to recognize the real Jesus in the midst of all the fantasies and images that people put forward about Jesus. People have always tried to understand Jesus by seeing him as in some ways similar to themselves. The most popular image of Jesus is that 19th century painting, where he is in a shining white robe, looking like he’s about six feet tall, fair-skinned, with long light brown or sandy hair. I doubt that you could find a single person born in the eastern Mediterranean region 2,000 years ago that had any of those characteristics. Mostly it reflects the imagination of 19th century American ideals. But this isn’t really what I’m getting at:  Jesus teaches us, but we skip over things we should hear, and substitute things that we would rather hear.

Jesus teaches us about the freedom of God, and about our freedom, about abundant life in the Kingdom of God.  The teaching of Jesus is not hard to understand, you don’t need to have a college degree, or some special magic glasses. Jesus tells us the Good News, and how we are to live so that it is good news for us, and it is not too high or too hard for any of us.  The thing is, the Kingdom of God is in this real world that God created. And this real world was good enough for Jesus and he teaches us and leads us into that Kingdom. And you don’t get there by cheating, by ignoring what Jesus is teaching and making up your own kingdom.

Jesus was walking with his disciples. The sequence of events in the Gospel of Mark just before this, was that Jesus fed the Four Thousand, then there was a controversy with the Pharisees who demanded a sign, and a discussion with the disciples about the danger of the Pharisees and of Herod. Then Jesus healed a blind man at Bethsaida. Jesus fed. He taught. He healed. Now he’s walking with his disciples and he asked them, “Who do people say that I am?” There’s no trick and no secret here. The disciples knew the buzz about Jesus, and they answered, “John the Baptist, or Elijah, or one of the prophets.” These were good people, known for telling the truth, for challenging people and leading them to God. This is what the disciples were hearing from all over; even Herod was afraid that Jesus was John the Baptist come back to life. And then Jesus asked them, “Who do you say that I am?” Peter, the most outspoken leader of the group, spoke for them, “You are the Messiah.” For Peter and the rest, Jesus was more than a prophet—he was the anointed one of God, the one who was to lead Israel into the Kingdom of God.

But then … Jesus began to teach them. Jesus told them about the real world, about what would happen to this teacher and prophet.  This is how Jesus told the disciples about the Resurrection from the Dead. But they were working on a different story of who the Messiah was, and what Jesus was teaching was not what they were prepared to hear; Peter and the rest had already filled in the blanks with their own story. That story was magical and wishful thinking, not the real world that we live in. Of Course. If you are wishing for things, you don’t wish for suffering and rejection, certainly not for your beloved Teacher. Of course, you wish for God to make things fine and comfortable for everyone. But Jesus wasn’t wishing, he was teaching, and he was teaching about the real world. Peter thought that he had the power to protect Jesus. He did not. He thought that he had enough dedication and commitment to stay with Jesus and never reject him, and he thought that others would also stay with Jesus and not reject him. He was wrong. On both counts.

I have talked about suffering in other sermons. Certainly the question of suffering is here in this lesson, and it is real and important, but I want to talk about another piece of this.  Jesus was teaching about being engaged in the real world, in what actually happens. And in fact, he was not talking dismally and hopelessly; he was describing how you get to the resurrection of the dead. Peter wanted to skip the uncomfortable steps and it just got past him that in doing so he was also missing the resurrection. We live in a world where people usually want to skip over the uncomfortable, workaday steps of real-world existence and go right to already having their goal, which is usually power, privilege and wealth, in one way or another. In that selfish skipping over reality, it is other people who get skipped over; it is generosity and caring that are lost. It is abundant life that this world loses in striving to be the top. Jesus brings abundant life, and he teaches it this way: “Those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it. For what will it profit them to gain the whole world and forfeit their life?”

Jesus teaches us, would we but listen. Jesus is the Wisdom of God as we hear in this passage from our Old Testament lesson:

Wisdom cries out in the street, in the squares she raises her voice. At the busiest corner she cries out; at the entrance of the city she speaks: “… For waywardness kills the simple, and the complacency of fools destroys them; but those who listen to me will be secure and will live at ease, without dread of disaster.”

Jesus calls us to be wise and not fools—to live in this real world, faithfully, without fear, and without the distortions of self-serving folly. We rejoice in the constant love of God. God has given us this real world, filled with abundant life, the opportunity to live in generosity, in the midst of God’s love for his children.



Being Christian in the World We’re In — Calvary Flemington Forum

What these sessions are about We are having a series of brief discussion sessions at Calvary this Fall that are meant to explore being Christian both throughout history and in the times we’re now living. Anybody can come—it doesn’t matter what age you are, or whether you buy into any of it. It’s meant to […]

via Being Christian in the World We’re In — Calvary Flemington Forum

Be opened!

A sermon for the sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost, September 9, 2018

Calvary Episcopal Church, Flemington, New Jersey

Looking up to heaven, he sighed and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened.”

The Gospel of Mark begins in Judea, at the Jordan where John the Baptist baptizes Jesus. Then Jesus appears in his home province of Galilee, where he heals and teaches. Up until today’s lesson, all the action of the Gospel takes place in Galilee, mostly traveling around and across the large lake on its eastern side that is known as the Sea of Galilee.

Today’s lesson is the first time when Jesus is outside of predominantly Jewish territory. He had been having a controversy with other religious leaders, the one we heard about last week. He went northwest to the coast, to an area that is now Lebanon, to a gentile city named Tyre. It says that Jesus didn’t want anyone to notice he was there. None of his friends or disciples are mentioned on this journey, so Jesus is alone in a foreign culture. It says, “he could not escape notice.”

I imagine him there, trying to blend in and look like everyone else in the area. That’s kind of hard to do when you’re out of place, among foreigners. But he WAS noticed. And it’s kind of odd. He had been getting quite a bit of attention in Galilee, among the Jews, but the issues there were of concern to the Jews, not the gentiles over on the coast. He was there, taking time for quiet, a breather, letting things cool down. And the person who noticed him didn’t notice his unusual clothing, or his accent. Nothing outward. She was desperate to have her daughter healed from a distressing condition—she came to Jesus to have the demon cast out. How did she know that Jesus was an exorcist and a healer? We don’t know. She saw him, she knew him, she begged him for the sake of her daughter to cast out the demon.

Jesus’ response surprises and puzzles us: “Let the children be fed first, for it is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.” He’s focusing on his people, the Jews, whose country he has just left to take a break from controversy. When you’re in the middle of a a serious controversy you remain focused on what’s involved with that. Jesus loved his people, sought healing for them, honesty in how they lived their lives, devotion to God that was not self-serving. This was not abstract philosophy, but really touching people and healing them, and feeding people with real bread. And his context was the Jewish people of Galilee—and he was being attacked for it, among those he loved and healed.

So here he is away from that, getting rest, getting clarity. He’s gone outside the situation to get some perspective, and a gentile woman, who is not involved in the controversy with Jesus’ own people comes to him. Jesus responds, “First take care of the children”—surely, they still needed a lot of attention and healing. His work with them was not finished yet.

The woman, however, was focused on something else, her daughter, so she didn’t give up, she responded, bravely, directly, extending Jesus’ metaphor: “Sir, even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.” And Jesus listened. This also was practical healing, what was asked was not about Jesus’ preoccupation with the controversies in Galilee over the people he loved there— “For saying that, you may go—the demon has left your daughter.”

Then Jesus leaves Tyre. The route that is described is circuitous. He goes north through Sidon and then loops back into the country on the opposite side of the Sea of Galilee than his own country, the Decapolis or “Ten Towns” which were a primarily gentile area. There he encounters a man who is deaf and can’t speak clearly. Once again, Jesus doesn’t want to be noticed, he takes the man aside in private. He reaches out, touches the man’s ears, his tongue and says, “Ephphatha.” The Gospel explains this word, because it is Aramaic, not the Greek of the Gospel. Aramaic was the language of the whole region of greater Syria. It was spoken among the Jews of Galilee, but it was also the language of the gentiles of this area. To this gentile man, he said, “Be opened.”

We take the healing of this deaf man and the exorcism of the girl with a demon as literal healings, and we should. But notice, in this journey Jesus is bringing healing to people outside his home country and people, even though he is not drawing attention either to himself or to these healings. Jesus is heading home, yet these people out in the world beg him for healing, and he heals. When he says to the man, “be opened,” it is not just that the man can hear; the man speaks clearly; he opens up and starts to tell about what Jesus has done. Though Jesus tried to get them to stay quiet, the man and his friends kept announcing the good news. Jesus compassion and his healing power were spreading into the world in spite of any effort to limit it.

The church is a community of healing. It has been created by the outpouring of Jesus’ compassion and his healing power. But that healing power is not something we own, and living in Jesus’ love isn’t something that is contained within the bounds of the community. We gather together to tell about Jesus’ healing—how he casts out demons of fear, delusion, rage and distrust; how he makes us able to hear, to really hear and not be deluded by the noise of our desires that distorts and blocks our ability to listen to the simple truth of God’s love.

We gather on this Rally Sunday, to start a journey of a new program year, a new school year. We will learn together and share fellowship together and pray and be healed together. But the real point of doing this is beyond this gathering—where we encounter those in the world who may be suffering, in need of healing, acceptance or in need of the clear voice of unaffected love. We are gathered to follow Jesus’ call, to be his love in this world, to listen to those outside. It is we who should trust in God, trust God to be healing, without our telling God or others how to do it. It is God that heals, and God uses our ears to listen and our presence to show his compassion.

From our lesson from Proverbs:

The rich and the poor have this in common: the Lord is the maker of them all. Whoever sows injustice will reap calamity, and the rod of anger will fail. Those who are generous are blessed, for they share their bread with the poor. Do not rob the poor because they are poor, or crush the afflicted at the gate, for the Lord pleads their cause and despoils of life those who despoil them.